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US Army

The 193rd Glider Infantry Regiment In the Bulge

 

The 193rd Glider Infantry Regiment In the Bulge
 
Period: 19 December 1944 to 3 February 1945

Received from Bill Tom, Editor 17th Airborne ThunderMailCall editor

 
On December 19, 1944, Regiment received alert orders for Air Landing operation to France.  Regiment cleared in Marshalling Area at Membury Airfield during the night of 21 December 1944.  The Seaborne Echelon departed Camp Chiseldon 21 December 1944, arrived in Le Havre 22 December 1944 thence to Mourmelon on 25 December 1944, where the advanced CP was established.  Movement by air from England to France began on 24 December 1944 with 2nd Battalion Combat Team plus 1/2 Regimental Headquarters leaving on that date.  1st Battalion Combat Team, with remainder of Regimental Headquarters, departed on 26 December 1944.  The Regiment arrived at airstrip A-79, near Prosnes, France, and immediately moved to Camp at Mourmelon.
 

On the morning of 26 December 1944, 2nd Battalion Combat Team, with advance echelon of Regimental Headquarters, was ordered to move to Charleville and with the 392nd Engineer Regiment attached, to effect plans for defending the west bank of the Meuse River.  The move was accomplished during the day of 26 December 1944.  The remainder of the Regiment followed during the night of 26-27 December 1944 and Regimental Command Post was opened at Charleville.  This Regiment, with the 392nd Engineer Regiment attached, was given the mission of defending the west bank of the Meuse River within its sector.  On 27 December 1944, Regimental Commander issued orders to his Combat Team Commanders, which were briefly as follows: The 392nd Engineer Regiment would remain in place at its various defensive locations along the river bank and bridge sites.  The 2nd Battalion, 193rd Glider Infantry, would organize strong defensive positions east of the river, actively patrol east of the river, and with assistance of the Engineers, establish road blocks at various critical points.  The 1st Battalion, 193rd Glider Infantry, would remain in Regimental reserve with one company mobile and patrol rear areas within regimental sector west of the river.  The 680th Field Artillery Battalion to prepare defensive fires east of the river.  

 

On 28 December 1944, the 2nd French Battalion was attached and initially given the mission of assisting at the bridges, sending patrols to the front and on the flanks.  Assistance from local MPs and Gendarmerie was received in questioning and rounding up of suspects.  On 29 December 1944, the following order was received from 1172nd Group Headquarters excerpts which are as follows: 193rd Glider Infantry has the job of defending the river line within its sector.  The 392nd Engineer Regiment plus the 2nd French Battalion to defend the river with the 193rd Glider Infantry generally in reserve.  Hope to have every critical point tied in by wire or radio.  2nd Battalion, 193rd Glider Infantry must have withdrawal plans and assembly area selected.  1st Battalion, 193rd Glider Infantry submit requirements for movement by truck in any mission, in any area but our own.  The 680th Field Artillery Battalion likewise.  All units phone in number of trucks that they can spare except for administration needs.  On all critical points along river, dispatch an officer to look over positions and make recommendations on placement of weapons, camouflage, concealment, etc.  Place an officer on all important bridges.  The above order was put into effect at a meeting of Combat Team Commanders with Regimental Commander at this time the 2nd French Battalion was given the mission of defending the south sector of the river line in the Regimental boundary and the establishment of three road blocks.  Operations from 29 December 1944 through 1 January 1945, included perfection of defense plans, practice alert movements, questioning of suspects, search for parachutists alleged to have been dropped in vicinity, etc. 

 
On 1 January 1945, order was received from Group Headquarters to alert Combat Team, less 392nd Engineer Regiment, for movement to assembly area in vicinity of Massul.  On 1 January 1945, the advance party of 1st Battalion Combat Team departed from Charleville and arrived in vicinity of Massul in early part of 2 January 1945.
 

Regimental Command Post was established and 1st Battalion Combat Team went into assembly area in this vicinity.  On 2 January 1945, Regimental Headquarters with Regimental Commander arrived at this location, followed by 2nd Battalion Combat Team.  Regiment Commander and S-3 proceeded to Neufchateau to receive Division order, excerpts of which are as follows:  "Move your Combat Team to vicinity of Sibret, where you will relieve elements of the 11th Armored Division, and take up a defensive position."

 

On the night of 2 January 1945, 2nd Battalion Combat Team proceeded to woods near Sibret from Massul and took up a defensive position.  1st Battalion Combat Team and Regiment Headquarters moved from Massul to Sibret and Regiment Command Post was established there, and 1st Battalion went into defensive position.

 

On 3 January 1945, at 1750, orders were received from Division, placing this Regiment less one Battalion, in Division reserve.  One battalion moved immediately to woods 52-56, southwest of Bastogne and to be employed by 101st Division if situation necessitated it.  The 2nd Battalion 193rd Glider Infantry was designated by Regimental Commander and a liaison officer dispatched to Headquarters 101st Division.  The Regiment, less 2nd Battalion, was alerted for any move.  The remainder of the Regiment moved into the vicinity of the above woods during the night of 3-4 January 1945 and new Command Post was set up at 526-585.  Regiment remained in Division Reserve throughout the day.  One artillery shell hit Regiment Command Post, injuring 3 men.  At 1700, orders were received from Division releasing the Regiment from the 101st Division and to prepare for movement order.  At 1730, the Regiment was ordered to move and take up defensive positions northwest of Villeroux, grid square 50-56, in support of the 513th Parachute Infantry.  Regiment cleared into new area during the night of 4 January 1945 and prepared for defensive action with 1st Battalion on LR and 2nd Battalion in reserve.  Enemy action during the night consisted of 2 trucks being blown up by enemy mines.

 
During the night of 4-5 January 1945, the Regiment received orders to move to new location and establish defensive positions west of Bastogne. En route to new location, one jeep hit Anti Tank mine on the Bastogne-Monty highway, resulting in one killed and six injured, Regimental Command Post established in a barn at grid coordinates 524-583.
 

On 6 January 1945, one platoon of tanks of the 707th Tank Battalion was attached to this Regiment.  The Tank Officer reported to Regiment Command Post at 1200 and was given the mission of reporting to the Commanding Officer 1st Battalion in Monty and to support that battalion.  Company "C", located in the woods just north of Monty, was under constant harassing artillery fire throughout the day.  Several rounds of artillery fire hit in the vicinity of Regiment Command Post doing some damage to vehicles and communications.  Regiment Commanding Officer returned from Division Command Post with an attack order, and at a meeting of Battalion COs and attached units, at 2045, orders were issued for the attack scheduled at 0800, 7 January 1945.  Objective of 1st Battalion was the town of Flamisoule; objective of 2nd Battalion was the woods east of Flamisoule.  Artillery preparations from 0800-0815.  Advance Command Post moved into Monty prior to 0800.

 

The attack jumped off as scheduled with the attacking echelons of the 1st Battalion being immediately subjected to intense mortar and artillery fire.  The Platoon Leader of the attached Tank Platoon advised against the use of his tanks going with the infantry, and as a result the tanks remained behind the crest of the hill in the north sector of Monty, thereby giving little or no assistance to the battalion.  The two attacking companies, "A" on the right and "B" on the left, were pinned down by well-aimed mortar, artillery, and SA fire before reaching their first phase line.  The 2nd Battalion succeeded in reaching the position approximately 100 yards short of phase line "B".  "D" Company on the left succeeded in taking the portion of the woods.  "E" Company received more fire in its sector and succeeded in reaching a line approximately between "A" and "D" companies and echeloned to the right rear of "D" Company.  Commanding Officer 2nd Battalion reported an enemy tank in the eastern edge of the woods of his objective, which he believed to be directing artillery fire.

 

Visibility was very poor throughout the day and the enemy artillery pieces could not definitely be located.  "E" Company held up due to heavy artillery, mortar, and SA fire; "F" Company, the reserve company, was ordered to pass around "E" Company and take up those positions, and "E" Company to revert to battalion reserve.  The order was given to withdraw from action to two Battalions COs by the Regimental Commanding Officer and to take up positions previously occupied before the attack.  Order to withdraw given at approximately 1415.  Withdrawal was effected under cover of smoke and artillery barrage. Casualties in Battalions were heavy.  Approximately 50 prisoners were taken.

 

During the night of 7-8 January 1945, and the day of 8 January 1945, the Regiment maintained its defensive positions, originally held, and prepared counterattack plans.  On 9 January 1945, Regiment was ordered to take over positions held by the 327th Infantry extending from Champs to positions in grid square 82-59.  Relief of the above unit by this regiment was effected with the 2nd Battalion on the right, 1st Battalion on the left, and Regiment Command Post located in Hemroulle.  Company "A", 602nd Tank Destroyer was attached to the Regiment and the Tank Destroyer officer, Captain Hart, was designated as Regimental Anti Tank Officer.  Battery "D" & "E", 155th AA Battalion were attached and the placement of all Anti Tank weapons was supervised by Captain Hart.  Intermittent artillery fire was reported falling on positions held by 2nd Battalion in the vicinity of Champs.  Observation Posts in vicinity of Champs, at various times, reported enemy motor and foot movements and artillery fire were brought to bear on those localities.

 
During the period 9-12 January 1945, Regiment perfected its defense plans and penetrated the enemy lines with active patrols, and several prisoners of war were taken.  At 0930, 12 January 1945, 1st Battalion was relieved, in position, by elements of the 513th Infantry and reverted to Regimental Reserve in woods located in grid square 52-61.  On 12 January 45 more of War were taken by 2nd Battalion, and artillery fire fell intermittently on 2nd Battalion positions.  All Tank Destroyers and Anti Tank Guns in 1st Battalion area were attached to elements of 513th Infantry in position upon relief of 1st Battalion.
 
At 2330, 12 January 1945, the Regiment received warning order from Division in regard to movement of the Division from its present position north to take the towns of Givroulle and Gives, excerpts of which concerning this Regiment are as follows:

The 193rd Glider Infantry to move into the sector of the 507th Infantry and follow that regiment to clear the town of Flamisoule, the woods east of Flamisoule, and the woods east of the streamline Flamisoule and to maintain contact with the 513th Infantry on its left.  This Regiment moved out on the morning of 13 January 1945 and accomplished mission in its assigned sector.  Upon reaching a point in the woods approximately 800 meters south of Frenet, order was received from Division for this Regiment to move, at once, by foot, to an assembly area south of Bertogne, where upon it would be attached to CCA of 11 Armored Division, and for an advanced party to be dispatched to road crossing at AuCaillou to make arrangements.  At approximately 1600 the 1st Battalion was located in the woods 1000 meters southeast of Bertogne, whereupon orders were received for it to move immediately by truck to a point in the woods northeast of Monaville.  This Battalion cleared into new area at approximately 2000 and awaited orders. 2nd Battalion moved into assembly area, which had been previously occupied by 1st Battalion and awaited orders.  Regimental Commanding Officer reported to Headquarters of CCA in Longchamps, whereupon he received orders from Commanding General of CCA, excerpts of which are as follows: "CCA attacks 0800, 15 January 1945, in two task forces to capture objective in zone and destroy enemy in path of advance.  Task Force Stubbs consisted of the following: 193rd Glider Infantry, less 2nd Battalion, 55th Armored Infantry Battalion, Platoon of Company "C", 56th Armored Engineer Battalion, and Company "C", 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion, less 1st Platoon.  Mission of Task Force Stubbs was to assist, by fire, the attack of Task Force Bell.  At 1000, Task Force Bell attacked and reached the western edge of objective, with 2nd Battalion receiving little resistance.  Objective was taken at 1124. Task Force Stubbs advanced north, with 1st Battalion in attacking echelon and 55th Armored Infantry Battalion echeloned to left rear and 22nd Tank Battalion in support.

 
Heavy snow during the night and new enemy mine fields within the area limited movement of all vehicular traffic.  New Regimental Command Post was located at grid coordinates 557-646.  Advanced patrols of 1st Battalion ran into some enemy resistance at grid coordinates 758-900, at 1345.  Some prisoners of war were taken.  More prisoners were taken as the 1st Battalion continued its advance.  The 1st Battalion ran into heavy resistance at 1515 and requested tanks to move in support.  The 22nd Tank Battalion was ordered to move up and support the 1st Battalion 193rd Glider Infantry, but due to snow and mine fields experienced trouble in reaching the battalion.  1st Battalion held up by mortar and Machine Gun fire approximately 800 yards south of objective at 1630.  At 1730, this battalion was ordered to consolidate its positions and renew the attack the following morning.
 

By 0800, 16 January 1945, objective was taken, including approximately 20 prisoners.  During the night 15-16 January 45, Task Force Stubbs was given a mission to reconnoiter crossing of the Vaux River, south of the Mabrompre-Compogne road with the view of finding suitable crossings and to be prepared to advance on order from the Commanding General of CCA and move on new objective, which was the high ground just south of Houffalize.  The 2nd Battalion 193rd Glider Infantry, with Task Force Bell, had a similar mission north of the Compogne-Mabompre Highway.  At 1130, 16 January 45, the new Command Post of Task Force Stubbs was set up in Compogne.  At 0130, 16 January 1945, the entire CCS sector was transferred to the control of the 193rd Glider Infantry and 2nd Battalion reverted back to the Regiment.  The 193rd Glider Infantry is released from attachment to CCA and reverted back to 17th Airborne Division.  The Regiment at this time held a defensive position extending from Houffalize south of Cowan.  This Regiment was relieved by the 507th Infantry and entered Mabompre on 17 January 1945, for rehabilitation. During period 17-20 January 1945, Regiment was located at Mabompre in Division reserve.

 

21 January 1945, Regiment moved to assembly area in woods southwest of Tavigny.  On 22 January 1945, Regiment moved into assembly area in vicinity of grid square 71-73, and took up defensive positions.  Regimental Command Post located at Halt, just north of Limerle.  On 22 January 45, the Regiment was ordered to attack and seize the town of Hautbellain and continue the attack to the northeast in conjunction with the 513th Infantry on its left.  Regimental order, issued night of 22-23 January 1945, directed 2nd Battalion in attacking echelon followed by 1st Battalion at 400 yards depending upon visibility.  Time of departure: 0830, 23 January 1945.  Zone of action from assembly area cross country to woods just east of Baraque Dumont, thence astride highway east to Hautbellain.  The 257th Field Artillery Battalion was in direct support of the Regiment.  One company from 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion was attached to the Regiment and placed in direct support of 2nd Battalion.  Patrols under Lieutenant Piper and Lieutenant Mullet were dispatched ahead of 2nd Battalion to reconnoiter the town of Hautbellain and ran into enemy resistance east and north of the town.  Advance regimental Command Post moved into building at Baraque Dumont.  "E" Company, the leading company of 2nd Battalion, ran into a heavy concentration of artillery fire on the ridge just east of Hautbellain, and missions for counter artillery battery fire were called for.  1st battalion was ordered to remain in present location and await orders.  By 1400, "D" Company had moved into the town and proceeded in mopping up.  "E" Company remained on high ground just west of the town, covering by fire the operation of "D" Company. "F" Company in Battalion reserve.  The 1st Battalion was ordered to move into the woods in grid square 72-74, and remain in Regimental reserve.  Continuous artillery fire fell in the town throughout the day.  The enemy had perfect observation of the town from positions on the high ground approximately 2000 meters east.  At 1820, Regiment received new attack order from Division directing the attack of this Regiment on the woods northeast of Hautbellain in grid squares 76-76 and 77-76.  However, this order was countermanded and the Regiment was told to consolidate its positions and defend within its sector.  Patrols were sent out throughout the night with very satisfactory results in locating enemy strong points in front of the Regimental sector.  A number of prisoners were taken.

 

Attack orders were received at 1215, 24 January 1945, directing the attack and seizure of the woods in grid square 76-76 and 77-76. The Regimental Commanding Officer ordered Commanding Officer 2nd Battalion to immediately send out a strong combat patrol to the objective and upon receiving a report from this patrol to follow with his battalion.  The 1st Battalion in Regimental reserve would follow the 2nd Battalion.  At 1300, the above patrol was receiving artillery and mortar fire just south of its objective.  At 1400, reported approximately 20 enemy running northeast through the woods.  At 1500, the 2nd Battalion began movement from the town towards its objective, encountering some artillery fire and sniper fire; upon reaching the objective, contact was made with the 513th Infantry on the north and outposts were established from grid coordinates 779-773 to 779-760.  The 1st Battalion followed during the hours of darkness and went into a defensive position in vicinity of grid coordinates 761-761.  The movement for vehicles to the objective was greatly impeded by deep snow drifts and vehicles had to wait until such time [that] a snow plow and mine sweepers could cut a road from Hautbellain to the objective.

 

The Regimental Command Post was set up in woods at grid coordinates 761-766.  At 1745, 24 January 1945, orders were received in which the 193rd Glider Infantry Regiment would support, by fire, the 194th Glider Infantry on Huldange at 0800 the following day.  Action during the night of 23-24 January 1945 was confined to consolidation of positions, establishing of listening posts and road blocks along the highway leading in and out of our positions.  At 1000, 25 January 1945, Regiment received Division order stating that the Division was relieved in its present sector and to prepare for movement to new assembly area and quartering party and advance Command Post group to report to Division advanced Command Post located at Eschweiler for instructions.  On 26 January 1945, Regiment moved by motor to vicinity of Wiltz.  The 1st Battalion was located in Wiltz, 2nd Battalion located in Erpeldange-Wiltz, and Regiment Hq. & Hq. Company were located in Niederwiltz.  The Regiment closed into the new assembly area at approximately 2200.

 

The night of 26-27 January 1945 was devoted to the cleaning of material, arms, and equipment.  At 0930, 27 January 1945, Regiment Commanding Officer arrived at Division Command Post where he received orders to effect the relief of the 317th Infantry and take over positions now held by that regiment.  To this effect, liaison was established with the 317th Infantry and plans were made for its relief.  During the afternoon 27 January 45 the Regiment moved by its organic transportation to the vicinity of Bockholtz-les-Hosingen.  Relief of the 317th Infantry was effected during the night of 27-28 January 1945.

 
Night of 27-28 January 45 was spent in consolidating positions and active patrolling to the east.  Patrols were sent to investigate the town of Hosingen and reported the absence of enemy but the presence of mines and booby traps.  Company "A", 139th Engineers was attached and the clearing of mines and removal of snow from the several roads leading to and from our positions progressed throughout the night.  Some prisoners of war were captured and some artillery fell on our positions throughout the night.  Contact with units on right and left was made by active patrols.
 
On 28 January 1945, 2nd Battalion pushed into the town of Hosingen and occupied the high ground to the northeast and southeast of the town.  The 1st Battalion in regimental reserve moved into the area vacated by the 2nd Battalion.  In support of the 2nd Battalion were the following: 2nd Platoon "D" Company, 3rd Chemical Battalion, 1st Platoon "A" Company, 735th Tank Battalion, Battery "B" 155th AT Battalion, and one platoon of 602nd Tank Destroyer Battalion.  The 193rd Combat Team was ordered to attack and seize the high ground just east of the river Our within its sector.  A meeting with the Regimental Commander, the two Battalion Commanders received their order and plans were made for the attack on the following day.  Supporting the attack of the 2nd Battalion were the above elements.  The two battalions launched their attack on their objective beginning at 1400, 29 January 1945.  The 1st Battalion was unable to reach its objective due to intense mortar and artillery and Machine Gun fire.  The 2nd Battalion reached its objective at approximately 1700, but was forced to withdraw under heavy artillery and mortar fire from the Siegfried Line.  Both units withdrew to positions originally held.  For objectives, line of departure, and routes to objective, see overlay dated 29 January 1945.
 
Numerous casualties were inflicted on both attacking companies, "A" Company in 1st Battalion and "E" Company in 2nd Battalion.  Twenty-one prisoners were taken.  Deep snow was a hindrance to the attackers, and the lack of snow suits clearly silhouetted the troops against the snow, making them vulnerable to SA fire.  Smoke from the Chemical Platoon was used repeatedly on possible Observation Posts and positions but enemy mortar and artillery fire proved highly accurate throughout the operation.  Patrol action during the night of 29-30 January 1945 succeeded in reaching the Our River and returned with information regarding certain enemy points, condition of river bank, of river, etc.  Enemy was active west of the Our River, numerous strong points and patrols were encountered.  At approximately 1500, 30 January 4195, Regimental Observation Post was established on hill at grid coordinates 840-596, from which some enemy action was observed across the river and artillery fire was brought to bear on same.
 
On the afternoon 31 January 1945, the Regiment was relieved of its positions by the 513th Infantry.  Relief being completed at 1750.  The Regiment moved by its organic transportation to Wiltz, for rest and rehabilitation.  The regiment cleared into Wiltz at 1900, 31 January 1945.
 
This map was kindly provided by James Black.  His father was 2nd Lieutenant Walter Black of "C" Company, 1st Battalion, 193rd Glider Infantry Regiment. Thanks, Jim.
 

Colonel Maurice G. STUBBS

193rd Glider Infantry

Regiment

17th Airborne Division

Campaigns

Battle of the Bulge,

Belgium